Sophomores, please read me: If you consider yourself a Sophomore in academic year 2021-22 and the IntroSems' VCA shows you in a different cohort (i.e., Frosh or Junior), please make a note of your correct cohort within your statement of interest. It is not possible to change the cohort field in the IntroSems' VCA, but the instructor will see your note when they build their class.
IntroSems quarters and schedules subject to change--check back often. Visit Re-Approaching Stanford for the latest updates on Academic Year 2021-22.
Introductory Seminars for First-Year Students
The Artist in Ancient Greek Society
Given the importance of art to all aspects of their lives, the Greeks had reason to respect their artists. Yet potters, painters, and even sculptors possessed little social standing.
Why did the Greeks value the work of craftsmen but not the men themselves? Why did Herodotus dismiss those who worked with their hands as "mechanics"? What prompted Homer to claim that, "there is no greater glory for a man than what he achieves with his own hands," provided that he was throwing a discus and not a vase on a wheel?
Painted pottery was essential to the religious and secular lives of the Greeks. Libations to the gods and to the dead required vases from which to pour them. Economic prosperity depended on the export of wine and oil in durable clay containers. At home, depictions of gods and heroes on vases reinforced Greek values and helped parents to educate their children. Ceramic sets with scenes of Dionysian excess were reserved for elite symposia from which craftsmen were excluded.
Sculptors were less lowly, but even those who carved the Parthenon's pediments and frieze were still "mechanics" with soft bodies and soft minds (Xenophon), "indifferent to higher things" (Plutarch).
In this seminar, we will explore these and other related issues as they existed in antiquity and persist to this day, even on our own enlightened campus. Students will read and discuss texts and videos, write brief response papers and present slide lectures on aspects of the artist’s profession. Classes will convene in the seminar room, the Cantor Center, the Rodin Sculpture Garden and the Stanford Ceramics Studio, where a seasoned potter will offer individual instruction in the art of throwing vases on a wheel.